7.03.1 Populating Blank Template Shapefiles

You will be creating a workspace in QGIS from which to populate your shapefile, using Legend.xls as a guide to filling out fields.

  1. Open QGIS.
  2. Click Add Vector Layer image091, Browse to find the Template shapefile and click Open to add to QGIS as a layer (choose the file with .shp extension):
  3. Once loaded in QGIS, click on the layer to activate it
    and start an editing session by clicking Edit image093 from the top tool bar.
  4. Select Add Feature (polygon image094 , lines image095, points image096 depending on the template geometry).
  5. For a line or polygon, start creating your feature by left clicking vertices on the map canvas. For a point, select the location you want to record your data.
    Right click to finish the feature (points are just a single click to the map canvas).
  6. An attributes dialog box will appear. Complete all the attribute details you can for the feature (check the legend to see which fields are mandatory):
    13 15
    NOTE: Refer to section 7.4 Data Validation for Template Shapefiles for data validation rules (i.e. the full attribute names, drop down menu options, field types, mandatory fields etc.).
  1. Click OK.
  2. Repeat steps 11 to 15 until all your data is captured.
  3. Click Edit image093 then Save 4_save to save all your changes.
  4. If you need to edit attributes from the attribute table, right click on your layer name in the table of contents, then click Open Attribute Table:
  5. Click Edit image093 from the attribute table and double click on a cell to change the details.
  6. Click Edit again and Save when finished.